Monkeypox Prevention and Cure
The National Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, has said that 31 cases of the monkeypox virus have been recorded in seven states.
The affected states are Ekiti, Akwa Ibom, Ogun, Bayelsa, Rivers, Cross River and Lagos.
Monkeypox is a rare a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in remote parts of Central and West Africa, near tropical rain forests. Its symptoms are very similar to that of smallpox.
The NCDC National Coordinator, Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu, in a statement on Monday said the agency was awaiting the laboratory results and confirmation of the 31 suspected cases.
Ihekweazu said, “Samples have been collected from each suspected case for laboratory confirmation. Results are still awaited. So far, there have been no deaths recorded.”
Monkey pox virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus. The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract or the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).
Other human-to-human methods of transmission include direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens.
There are measures that can be taken to prevent infection with monkey pox virus:
- Avoid contact with animals that could harbour the virus (including animals that are sick or that have been found dead in areas where the disease occurs).
- Avoid contact with any material, such as bedding, that has been in contact with a sick animal and solate infected patients from others who could be at risk of infection.
- Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans. For example, washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Also use personal protective equipment when caring for patients.